Automatically translated from Basque, translation may contain errors. More information here. Elhuyarren itzultzaile automatikoaren logoa

Lessons from the Sabbatai Zevi mesiase

Izmir (Turkey), 1647. Rabbi Sabbatai Zevi (1626-1676) self-proclaimed Messiah. This self-name had no impact at that time. In 1651 he was expelled from Izmir and, for years, traversed Greece, Thrace, Palestine and Egypt adrift. But in 1665 Nathan met Gaza and thanks to his push he began to be a follower and in a short time the messianic movement occupied almost all of Europe, from Venice to Poland. It became one of the most important messianic movements in Jewish history.

But the following year, in 1666, Zevi was arrested by the Ottomans and the Jewish messiah moved to Islam. There's a version that says it changed because she fell in love with a Muslim woman, but most experts say she did it to save her life.

God is not Great (God is not good), published in 2007 by journalist and historian Christopher Hitchens (1949-2011), said that "for his enthusiastic followers not to create another religion" they decided not to kill Zevi. “At Visir’s palace, they asked Mesiasa if he was willing to receive a supernatural judgment. The archers of the court would regard it as a destiny and, if the sky deviated the arrows, they would consider it as true. If she gave up the test, they would kill her on the side. If he preferred to reject the dilemma, they said he was a real Muslim and would leave him alive.” And Zevi bet on the last option.

Thousands of followers who left everything to chase him, ran out and betrayed. But a few decided to continue behind Zevi by integrating conversion to Islam into their beliefs. Three and a half centuries later, there are still followers in Turkey. According to Hitchens, "the small Turkish syncratic sect, known as Dönme, holds loyalty to the Jews within the skin of Islamic ritual practice."

Hitchens used the case of Sabbatai Zevi to explain what he thought about the origin of religions. “It’s absurd that billions of people follow the orders of prophets who lived in the desert 1,300 or 2,000 years ago.”

He believes that these religions today dominate thanks to the political capacity of the profiles, the perseverance of their followers and apostles and, finally, randomly, who so desired. Sabbatai Zevi was perhaps not a skilled politician, nor a chance accompanied him, but it cannot be denied that some of his followers, contradictory, absurd contradictions, committed themselves to creating a religion around him.


You are interested in the channel: Denboraren makina
The oldest oncological intervention

Two years ago, the Catalan archaeologist Edgard Camarós, two human skulls and Cancer? He found a motif card inside a cardboard box at Cambridge University. Skulls were coming from Giga, from Egypt, and he recently published in the journal Frontiers in Medicine, his team has... [+]


If you see me cry

Elba basin, 1417. Due to the drought, the level of the river dropped considerably and someone marked the level of the water in a stone, carving a sign: “If you see this stone again, you will cry. The water was at this level in 1417.”

The following sign is 1616: “If you... [+]


The 19th century Japan video game

A few weeks ago Sony launched the video game Rise of the Remaknin, in which experts highlighted the historical position of the game. The game is located in Japan in the middle of the 19th century, near Yokohama, Edo and Kyoto.

Or it was the last years of the era, the bloody... [+]


Burial of Mister Spanish

Marfa, 1954. At Blackwell Elementary School in this Texas desert village, children were forced to participate in a peculiar ceremony. The teachers distributed pieces of paper to them and asked them to write: “I will not speak Spanish, neither at school nor at rest.” They put... [+]


Rafah: the 4,000 year division

Egypt, a.C. 1303. Pharaoh Seti I received in a sign the military campaigns carried out in the area of Gaza and Syria. This inscription first referred to the people of Robihwa. The Egyptians called it, while the Assyrians called it Rafihu, the Greeks and the Romans Raphia and the... [+]


Eguneraketa berriak daude