Automatically translated from Basque, translation may contain errors. More information here. Elhuyarren itzultzaile automatikoaren logoa

Battle of Noáin, defense of Amaiur and Hondarribia

20 June 2024 - 14:29
Zarata mediatikoz beteriko garai nahasiotan, merkatu logiketatik urrun eta irakurleengandik gertu dagoen kazetaritza beharrezkoa dela uste baduzu, ARGIA bultzatzera animatu nahi zaitugu. Geroz eta gehiago gara, jarrai dezagun txikitik eragiten.

Immersed in the war against the community lords and churches, in 1521, Castile obtained the help of his brother-in-law Enrique de Navarra II.ak, King Francisco I of France, to recover the kingdom of Navarre invaded, conquered and occupied nine years earlier.

Parents Enrike II.aren, Joan Albret and Catalina de Foix, had already tried to send the Castellanos from Navarra on a lot of occasions, but it seemed from 1521 as "now yes". With the reign of his son Henry, the Navarros and bearneses placed at his service were victors to the gates of Pamplona with the “lukewarm” help of the French. With the help of the faithful of the capital, the wounded of Ignacio de Loyola, who defended for the Castilian people, came to the last fort of the kingdom of Pamplona, besieging Logroño.

After the defeat of Villalar, the villagers and noble Castilian villagers were weakened, the church and the troops of the new emperor, placing the rural peasants on the front line, delayed the French Navarros. Charles V was the Emperor of the Holy Empire, son of Felipe de Habsburg and Juana de Castilla I.aren. Born in Ghent, in northern Belgium, she received her maternal instinct and imperial rage. He and his German troops led the latest battles to end Navarre: Noáin, 1521, Amaiur 1522 and Hondarribia 1524. The kingdom remained alive in Baja Navarra.

Large numerical difference
The Kingdom of Navarre disappeared from the European list of sovereign states in 1620, but the Vasconavarros have neither been torn up, nor assimilated, nor much less defeated forever.

The biggest coup was recorded in 1521. The battle was fought between the camps of Skis, Erreniaga and Noain. The counter-attack led by the condestable Castilian was made up of 30,000 soldiers and barely 8,000 Navarros bearneses. Little was served by the heavy defensive guns and elite French gendarmes, much less when they broke the discipline and fled the line. He left 5,000 people dead from the Navarre gas troops, it is not clear, but little.

The few Navarros that were saved had to take the path of the mountain, Pamplona fell back to the reach of the invaders and Henry II and his faithful organized the resistance in the Sub-Pyrenean valleys.

A year later, in 1522, more than a hundred faithful Navarros welcomed the castle of Amaiur under the orders of Captain Jaime Belaz Medrano. The Castilians besieged the castle and sixteen Spanish cannons bombed the castle the day it passed. Those who struggled not to be Spaniards could do nothing against the force of the enemy.

Emperor Charles V organized an offensive against the French in the winter of 1523-24. However, he failed in Europe and sent the remains of his army to block Hondarribia. In February 1524 the French left the city, so only the Navarros remained under the orders of the son of the same name Petri Navarra. Hondarribia surrendered to the Spaniards on April 29, 1524, 700 years after the foundation of the kingdom in 824. The Kingdom of Navarre disappeared from the European list of sovereign states in 1620, but the Vasconavarros have neither been torn up, nor assimilated, nor much less defeated forever.

Beñi Agirre Oiartzabal, writer and historian

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