Automatically translated from Basque, translation may contain errors. More information here. Elhuyarren itzultzaile automatikoaren logoa

Basque Country, Spain


17 June 2024 - 12:53
Last updated: 2024-06-18 09:23:32
Zarata mediatikoz beteriko garai nahasiotan, merkatu logiketatik urrun eta irakurleengandik gertu dagoen kazetaritza beharrezkoa dela uste baduzu, ARGIA bultzatzera animatu nahi zaitugu. Geroz eta gehiago gara, jarrai dezagun txikitik eragiten.

Nine years ago, pending the adoption of the Mordaza Law, the Council of Europe itself said that the law was going to be “disproportionate” and its “great concern”. “This law is a reactionary and conservative absurdity to criminalize street protest and criticism,” said Joan Queralt, professor of criminal law in Barcelona. Representatives of the associations Judge of Democracy and Progressive Lawyers pointed out that the law is “useless, repressive and inadequate”. Unfortunately, the latest disproportionate sanctions against the youth organisations GKS, Jarki and Ernai show us that all these forecasts have been met.

According to the balance of the ELEAK-Libre movement on the first year of application of this Law of Citizen Security in the Basque Country, based on official data provided by the Basque and Navarro governments and published by the Basque magazine ARGIA, the law was applied on 3,052 occasions. In 2016, an average of 33 weekly sanctions were imposed in the Autonomous Community of Navarra. Regarding the territorial scope of the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country, the sanctions imposed by the Ertzaintza between July 2015 and December 2016 were 8,087 in total, an average of 88 weeks. That is, the first year of validity, each week, more than 110 times the Law of Citizen Security in Hego Euskal Herria was applied... And since then, things have only made a mistake.

In 2016, both the Parliaments of Navarre and the CAV stood against the Mordaza Law, and the Basque Parliament in June 2016 urged the Basque Government not to apply the Mordaza Law. In the last nine years, however, there has been no more than a strengthening of the implementation of the Mordaza Act.

In 2018, seeing that both governments had no intention to comply with these decisions, most of the social, trade union and political actors in Euskal Herria requested the repeal of the Mordaza Law. Among other things, they joined the request of the ELEAK - Libre movement, Ongi Etorri Refugees, Komite Internazionalistak, Euskal Herriko Bilgune Feminista, Bake Ekintza Talde Antimilitaristak, Ernai Gazte Mugiak, Askapena, NOR Raikal Heratig Koruskeusak. Among the unions, ELA, LAB, ESK and STEE EILAS joined and among the political forces, Sortu, Equo and EH Bildu. Finally, among the public media, ARGIA, Hala Bedi and Topatu. In short, the majority of Basque society requested the repeal of the Mordaza Act. No case.

In 2019, the ELEAK-Libre movement made clear in the United Nations Commission on Human Rights what happened: “The Organic Law 4/2015, on Citizen Protection, Mordaza Law, has clearly accentuated police abuses and violations of the fundamental rights of assembly, demonstration, organization and freedom of the press, increasing the repression against political criticism and social mobilization. This Law implies the disappearance of the existing procedural safeguards in any sanction proceeding, undermining the principle of legal certainty, legality, defence and presumption of innocence, as well as the equality of the parties/processes and the principle of proportionality. All this legislation encourages the criminalization and repression of social, trade union and political movements, so we have called on the United Nations to urge the Spanish State to repeal it immediately.”

In 2021, Spanish Interior Minister Fernando Grande Marlaska, in an interview given to the newspaper The New York Times, stated that the Government of Pedro Sánchez had the will to revise the Mordaza Law. Since then, more than 50 meetings have been held between the political forces present at the Madrid Congress, but today the Mordaza Law is still in force and the political massacre generated by its implementation.

In the Northern Basque Country there is no Mordaza Law, but the French Government has also taken its cutting steps to end the social protest. Proof of this are the proliferation of police files and the reinforcement of controls, or the militants who have been condemned for the defence of the land, the fight against speculation or the participation in actions for the Basque people. In other words, Euskal Herria has become a Moorish territory.

And where is our answer the same size? It doesn't exist. All those of us who believe that civil disobedience, lack of collaboration, input, popular resistance or direct action are not crimes, must unite, put them into practice and strengthen them by organizing social boxes of resistance to the attacks we are suffering. If we do not change the rules of the game, ours has done so, we will be ruined by all rights.

We must turn repression into an instrument that strengthens our freedom project. The more attacks on us, the more mobilizing responses we must respond. In that we have to be stronger, tireless, enduring, fearful. We must develop strategies of civil resistance and disobedience. It is the turn of civil resistance, the rebellion of the national and social construction. The Basque political actors involved in institutional dynamics will not do so. It's time for popular movement.

 

 

Joseba Alvarez, member of the Left Abertzale

Bidali zure iritzi artikuluak iritzia@argia.eus helbide elektronikora

ARGIAk ez du zertan bat etorri artikuluen edukiarekin. Idatzien gehienezko luzera 4.500 karakterekoa da (espazioak barne). Idazkera aldetik gutxieneko zuzentasun bat beharrezkoa da: batetik, ARGIAk ezin du hartu zuzenketa sakona egiteko lanik; bestetik, egitekotan edukia nahi gabe aldatzeko arriskua dago. ARGIAk azaleko zuzenketak edo moldaketak egingo dizkie artikuluei, behar izanez gero.


You are interested in the channel: Iritzia
2024-07-17 | Gorka Menendez
To what extent should they be small farmers?

Much of the current left-wing movement, albeit intuitively, claims small-scale agriculture, without any doubt. However, this claim for smallness has its contradictions: a small farm, by definition, will not be able to produce a lot of food. And is that important? Well, in a... [+]


Euskaldunes

The spokeswoman for the new Basque Government, María Ubarretxena, gave the first interview to Euskadi Irratia. During the conversation he referred to his intentions, his general proposals, inevitably, because the government was going on. The tone between the journalist and the... [+]


2024-07-17 | Iñaki Barcena
Does eco-axism come to us?

The eco-social crisis generated by capitalism is causing global unrest across the planet. The "summits" of material and energy resources, establishing limits for growth and accumulation, entail imbalances between nature and society. The crazy wheels of extractivism, climate change... [+]


What we have to defend

One student told me once we studied a text: “The character is sick: the thought moves in his head.” Obviously, with this phrase, he misplaced the comment he had in his mind, that is, that the imbecility of the character was noticed in his continuous reflections. However,... [+]


2024-07-17 | David Bou
Learning to say goodbye

Saying goodbye to something or someone is usually an act related to abandonment, the end and, ultimately, the grieving process. I'm sure you would ever, or you'd hear someone, tell them the typical, topical phrase of "I don't like greetings." And I don't want to fool you, not even I've... [+]


Hysterical materialism
Scrap

The smell asked for a gesture, but since it had not done so (no other smell could be expected), neither did the others. “No, no, they’re not all. There are no living parts, I have not left anyone alive, for example, without lips (have you seen? ). They seemed perfect until... [+]


2024-07-17 | Ula Iruretagoiena
Territory and architecture
From here

Close the computer, put on chanclets, stroke with the sun cream. Where are you going on holiday? We've normalized that vacation is going somewhere, because rest needs distance, we say. And when we make the journey, we will become tourists, even if the change of denomination... [+]


Technology
Euskalgintza digital critique

Euskera is a port for knowledge and relationships at sea, which is a digital space. With artificial intelligence, it seems that from this port there is the possibility of contact in Basque with everyone. The automation of the Basque Country is a great support for educators... [+]


Need for renewable energy planning in the Basque Country

Conservative mentalities are afraid of the term planning, linking with progressive and even communist political currents, as the new authoritarianisms do today (Milei, Meono, Orban, Aznar, among others). However, the idea of planning is still in good health, at least formally... [+]


Meaka-Irimo is still alive!
A long time ago, a wind strike announced that a company was going to build a wind power plant on Mt. Irimo. Most people didn't believe it. Even less so are those who know the orography and the rocky character of Mt. Irimo. "But do you know what damage they would do by going down... [+]

2024-07-11 | Patxi Juaristi
The XIX Congress of Basque Studies Congress, behind closed doors

The issue of cohesion is today the first responsibility of many governments, public institutions and non-governmental organisations. Indeed, societies with low inequalities more easily generate conditions for economic, social and cultural development, better governance... [+]


2024-07-10 | Roser Espelt Alba
The awkward truth of industrial policy

The global economy suffered a significant upturn following COVID-19. However, the signs that this increase has reached a stage of exhaustion are clearly conditioned by the climate crisis: the rate of economic growth of the major world powers, productivity is stagnating and... [+]


2024-07-10 | Castillo Suárez
Yogurts in exchange

When I published my first book of poems, they offered me a recital at a university. The musician charged in money and I was given a book about Jorge Oteiza, which I didn't take because I was in my house. This was the first of the unacceptable requests that I have accepted. It was... [+]


2024-07-10 | Sukar Horia
High income area

The Bilbao City Hall has launched the Low Emissions Zone in June, although fines are not expected to start to be imposed until September. This measure will limit the entry of old vehicles to the bourgeois esplanade of Bilbao from Monday to Friday, according to EiTB. Petrol... [+]


Eguneraketa berriak daude